Hudson’s Bay Company

Hudson’s Bay Company

Sources of biographical information about Hudson’s Bay Company:

  • Aborigines’ Protection Society. Canada West and the Hudson’s-Bay Company. London: William Tweedie, 1856
  • Ball, Georgina. “Monopoly system of wildlife management of the Indians and the Hudson’s Bay Company in the early history of British Columbia.” BC Studies, 66 (1985)
  • Ermatinger, Edward [1797–1876]. Edward Ermatinger’s York Factory express journal, being a record of journeys made between Fort Vancouver and Hudson Bay in the years 1827–1828. Ottawa: Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, 1912 Internet Archive
  • Hearne, Samuel [1745–1792]. A journey from Prince of Wales’s Fort in Hudson’s Bay to the Northern Ocean, in the years 1769, 1770, 1771, and 1772. Tyrrell, Joseph Burr, 1858-1957. Totonto: Champlain Society, 1911 Internet Archive
  • Innis, Harold. The Fur Trade in Canada. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1930 Internet Archive
  • Knight, James [1640–1721]. Life and death by the frozen sea: the York Fort journals of Hudson’s Bay Company governor James Knight 1714–1717. Edited by Arthur J. Ray. Toronto: The Champlain Society, 2018
  • McMillan, James [1783–1858]. Winnipeg: Hudson’s Bay Company archives. Portion of letter James McMillan to William Connelly HBCA B.188/b/4 fo. 9-10 (1825).
  • Simpson, George [1792–1860]. Fur trade and empire. George Simpson’s journal entitled Remarks connected with fur trade in consequence of a voyage from York Factory to Fort George and back to York Factory 1824-25. Frederick Merk, editor. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1931 University of British Columbia Library
  • Simpson, George [1792–1860]. Peace River: A Canoe Voyage from Hudson’s Bay to Pacific, by the Late Sir George Simpson (Governor, Hon. Hudson’s Bay Company.) In 1828: Journal of the Late Chief Factor, Archibald McDonald (Hon. Hudson’s Bay Company), Who Accompanied Him; Edited, with Notes by Malcolm McLeod, Barrister, etc.. Ottawa: J. Durie & Son., 1872
  • Wikipedia. Hudson’s Bay Company
Events in the Mount Robson region in which Hudson’s Bay Company was involved:

  • 1670 HBC charter
  • 1722 La Vérendrye reachs Lk. Winnipeg
  • 1771 Hearne to Coppermine
  • 1774 HBC on Saskatchewan
  • 1812 NWC vs. HBC
  • 1819 Robertson in charge of Fort St Mary
  • 1820 Permanent HBC post established at Fort George
  • 1824 Simpson recrossing Athabasca Pass
  • 1824 Simpson and Ross cross Athabasca Pass from west
  • 1825 HBC becomes active on the northwest coast
  • 1825 McMillan re Tête Jaune’s Cache
  • 1827 George McDougall crosses YHP
  • 1827 David Douglas Athabasca pass
  • 1828 Chief Factor John McLoughlin takes charge of area west of the Rockies
  • 1828 James Douglas is captured in Carrier territory and released after negotiations
  • 1834 James Douglas becomes a Chief Trader within the HBC
  • 1838 HBC granted 21 year exclusive hunting and trading license to northwest coast
  • 1839 James Douglas becomes a Chief Factor within HBC
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