Kettle Lakes

British Columbia. Lakes: Fraser River drainage
W of Yellowhead Lake
52.85 N 118.5833 W — Map 83D/15 — GoogleGeoHack
Name officially adopted in 1985
Official in BCCanada

A kettle (also known as a kettle lake, kettle hole, or pothole) is a hole in an outwash plain formed by retreating glaciers or draining floodwaters. The kettles are formed as a result of blocks of ice left behind by retreating glaciers, which become surrounded by sediment deposited by meltwater streams as there is increased friction. The ice becomes buried in the sediment and when the ice melts, a depression is left called a kettle hole, creating a dimpled appearance on the outwash plain. Lakes often fill these kettles; these are called kettle hole lakes. Another source is the sudden drainage of an ice-dammed lake. When the block melts, the hole it leaves behind is a kettle. As the ice melts, ramparts can form around the edge of the kettle hole. The lakes that fill these holes are seldom more than 10 m deep and eventually become filled with sediment.

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