Albreda Lake

Feature type: Lake
Province: British Columbia
Location: Head of Albreda River
Latitude: 52°38’00”
Longitude: 119°09’00”
NTS map: 83D/11
Official name listed at BC Geographical Names
On July 23, 1863, the British adventurers William Wentworth Fitzwilliam (Viscount Milton) and Dr. Walter B. Cheadle, heading south from Tête Jaune Cache, “passed the height of land, and gained the watershed of the Thompson. This was occupied, they wrote, “by a small marshy lake, marked Albreda Lake in the map, filling the bottom of the ravine. It appeared to have been drained formerly by a stream flowing from either extremity; but the northern end was now blocked up by an old grass-grown beaver-dam, and its waters escaped only towards the south.”

The lake (now filled in) at the pass between the Fraser and the North Thompson rivers was named after Milton’s aunt, Lady Albreda Elizabeth Wentworth-Fitzwilliam. In the 12th century Milton’s ancestor, Sir William Fitzwilliam, married Albreda, daughter of Robert de Lixores.

During construction of the Canadian Northern Pacific Railway around 1915, Albreda had the first telegraph in the area. Albreda was the inspection point for the Blue River–Jasper subdivision of the rail line. The Albreda post office was open from 1923 to 1948, and again from 1956 to 1959. The small settlement was the site of a Japanese internment camp during World War II.

References:

  • Akrigg, George Philip Vernon, 1913-, and Helen B. Akrigg. British Columbia place names. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1997
  • Milton, William Fitzwilliam and Cheadle, Walter B. The North-West Passage by Land. Being the narrative of an expedition from the Atlantic to the Pacific, undertaken with the view of exploring a route across the continent to British Columbia through British territory, by one of the northern passes in the Rocky Mountains. London: Cassell, Petter and Galpin, 1865
  • Topping, William. A checklist of British Columbia post offices. Vancouver: published by the author, 7430 Angus Drive, 1983
  • White, James. “Place names in the vicinity of Yellowhead Pass.” Canadian Alpine Journal 6 (1915).
  • Yellowhead Pass and its people. Valemount, B.C.: Valemount Historic Society, 1984

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