Albreda Lake

Lake. British Columbia: Head of Albreda River
52°38’00” N 119°09’00” W — Map 83D/11 — Google
Earliest known reference to this name is 1865 (Milton and Cheadle).
Name officially adopted in 1961. Official in BCCanada
Trutch, Joseph William. Map of British Columbia to the 56th Parallel North Latitude, 1871 (detail)

Trutch, Joseph William. Map of British Columbia to the 56th Parallel North Latitude, 1871 (detail)
University of Victoria

On July 23, 1863, the British adventurers William Wentworth Fitzwilliam (Viscount Milton) and Dr. Walter B. Cheadle, heading south from Tête Jaune Cache, “passed the height of land, and gained the watershed of the Thompson. This was occupied, they wrote, “by a small marshy lake, marked Albreda Lake in the map, filling the bottom of the ravine. It appeared to have been drained formerly by a stream flowing from either extremity; but the northern end was now blocked up by an old grass-grown beaver-dam, and its waters escaped only towards the south.”

The lake (now filled in) at the pass between the Fraser and the North Thompson rivers was named after Milton’s aunt, Lady Albreda Elizabeth Wentworth-Fitzwilliam. In the 12th century Milton’s ancestor, Sir William Fitzwilliam, married Albreda, daughter of Robert de Lixores.

This name appears on B.C. Surveyor General Joseph William Trutch’s 1871 “Map of British Columbia to the 56th Parallel North Latitude,” and on James McEvoy’s 1900 “Map Showing Yellowhead Pass Route From Edmonton To Tête-Jaune Cache.”

During construction of the Canadian Northern Pacific Railway around 1915, Albreda had the first telegraph in the area. Albreda was the inspection point for the Blue River–Jasper subdivision of the rail line. The Albreda post office was open from 1923 to 1948, and again from 1956 to 1959. The small settlement was the site of a Japanese internment camp during World War II.

References:

  • Milton, William Fitzwilliam, and Cheadle, Walter B. The North-West Passage by Land. Being the narrative of an expedition from the Atlantic to the Pacific, undertaken with the view of exploring a route across the continent to British Columbia through British territory, by one of the northern passes in the Rocky Mountains. London: Cassell, Petter and Galpin, 1865. Internet Archive
  • Trutch, Joseph William [1826–1904]. Map of British Columbia to the 56th Parallel North Latitude. Victoria, B.C.: Lands and Works Office, 1871. University of Victoria
  • McEvoy, James [1862–1935]. “Map Showing Yellowhead Pass Route From Edmonton To Tête-Jaune Cache.” (1900). Natural Resources Canada
  • White, James. “Place names in the vicinity of Yellowhead Pass.” Canadian Alpine Journal, Vol. 6 (1915–1915):107-114. Alpine Club of Canada
  • Akrigg, George Philip Vernon (1913-2001), and Helen B. Akrigg. British Columbia Place Names. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1997. Internet Archive
  • Topping, William. A checklist of British Columbia post offices. Vancouver: published by the author, 7430 Angus Drive, 1983
  • Yellowhead Pass and its people. Valemount, B.C.: Valemount Historic Society, 1984

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