Carcajou Pass

Alberta-BC boundary. Pass
Between Holmes River and Carcajou Creek, a tributary of Smoky River
53°14’00” N 119°16’00” W — Map 83E/3 — GoogleGeoHack
Name officially adopted in 1925. Official in BCCanada

“Nearly midway between Bess Pass and Robson Pass is a pass of the watershed which is locally known as Wolverine Pass,” wrote boundary surveyor Arthur Wheeler [1860-1945 ]. The pass had been named by Donald Phillips. “There is another Wolverine Pass in a more southerly part of the Canadian Rockies, so the pass under discussion is here referred to as Carcajou Pass, a synonym for Wolverine.”

In his article on passes near on the Great Divide, Wheeler wrote, “North of Mount Robson are a number of trail passes opf the Great Divide. Of these Carcajou Pass, 5120 feet in altitude, originally named Wolverine Pass, but changed on account of duplication, is most striking. Its summit is a broad swamp, numerous channels carrying off the glacial outflow of the magnificent ice-bound cirque below Mt. Phillips. Here, half a dozen icefalls sent their masses down in wildest confusion.”

The word carcajou was used by the French in North America, and is apparently of Indian origin. “The fur hunter’s greatest enemy is the wolverine or carcajou,” wrote Milton and Cheadle in 1863.


  • Wheeler, Arthur O., and Cautley, R.W. Report of the Commission appointed to delimit the boundary between the Provinces of Alberta and British Columbia. Part II. 1917 to 1921. From Kicking Horse Pass to Yellowhead Pass.. Ottawa: Office of the Surveyor General, 1921
  • Wheeler, Arthur Oliver [1860-1945]. “Passes of the Great Divide.” Canadian Alpine Journal, Vol. 16 (1926–1927):173. Alpine Club of Canada

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