Category Archives: Place Names

Yates Trail

Feature type: trail
Province: British Columbia
Location: Mount Robson area

John Yates (b. Blackburn, England,1880) was called by mountaineer J. Norman Collie “the best guide in unknown country I have ever met.”

In 1884, Yates’s family moved to California, and Yates attended high school in San Diego. Around 1906 he homesteaded on Hobo Ranch, west of Lac Ste. Anne (about 45 miles west of Edmonton). With his brother Bill, he packed supplies for the Grand Trunk Pacific Railroad surveyors, and in 1907 he contracted to carry the mail to railroad construction camps between Edmonton and Tête Jaune Cache.

While carrying the mail past the base of Mount Robson in September, 1907, Yates ran into Arthur Coleman and his mountaineering party. Returning from their unsuccessful attempt to climb Robson, Coleman’s party met Yates again at Big Eddy, and Arthur Coleman accompanied the mail-carrier to Edmonton. “Before bidding goodbye to Yates, the hustler, born in England and brought up in California, I sounded him as to another expedition the following summer,” Coleman wrote, “and found him willing to arrange for horses if I wanted to go.”

In 1908 Coleman’s party regrouped at the Hobo Ranch and, guided by Yates with the assistance of Adolphus Moberly, approached Mount Robson by way of the Moose River. On September 5 the climbers, including Yates, who carried an alpenstock he had made out of a pole and a heavy wire nail, reached the 10,000 foot level, but had to turn back because of the lateness of the day and Yates’s frozen feet. The group made two more attempts, and group member George Kinney made a solo climb, but they left Robson a virgin peak, arranging with Yates to try again in August of1909.

In May of 1909, Kinney heard that “a party of foreigners” were planing to assault Mount Robson that summer. He sent a frantic wire to Yates and hurried from his home in Victoria to Edmonton. Awaiting him was a letter from Yates, explaining that it would be madness to start for the mountain so early in the year, especially since spring had been very late and the snowfall exceptionally heavy. Kinney hit the trail alone, teamed up with Donald Phillips near Jasper, and went on to climb Mount Robson, a feat which was later disputed. Returning to Edmonton, Kinney and Phillips met the dreaded “party of foreigners:” Arnold Mumm, L.S. Amery, G. Hastings, and mountain guide Moritz Inderbinen, under the care of John Yates. The party was not successful at Mount Robson.

In 1910, Yates guided Mumm and J. Norman Collie to the Mount Robson area, where they “discovered a splendid snow mountain that Yates named Mt. Bess,” after Elizabeth Gunn of Lac Ste. Anne, on whom Yates had a crush. In 1911, Arthur Wheeler, in the vicinity of Calumet Creek, noticed an “old blazed track known as the Yates trail, because it was made by a packer of that name…. The Yates trail comes out in an open at the highest point. It well might be called ‘Exclamation Point.’ Looking south in the V of the valley, Mt. Resplendent stands a great white cone, clad from head to foot in eternal snows. Below, the the left, Yates Torrent issues from the forefoot of Coleman Glacier, a splendid icefall, the main northern outflow of Reef Névé.”

References:

  • Coleman, Arthur Philemon, 1852-1939. The Canadian Rockies: new and old trails. Toronto: Henry Frowde, 1911
  • Collie, J. Norman. “On the Canadian Rocky Mountains north of the Yellowhead Pass.” Alpine Journal 26 (1912).
  • Hart, Edward John, 1946-. Diamond hitch: the early outfitters and guides of Banff and Jasper. Banff: Summerthought, 1979
  • Mumm, Arnold L. “An expedition to Mount Robson.” Canadian Alpine Journal 2, no. 2 (1910).
  • Wheeler, Arthur Oliver 1860-1945 . “The Alpine Club of Canada’s expedition to Jasper Park, Yellowhead Pass and Mount Robson region, 1911.” Canadian Alpine Journal 4 (1912).

Woodley Creek

Feature type: Creek (1)
Province: British Columbia
Location: Flows SW into Fraser River, W end of Moose Lake
Latitude: 52°59’00”
Longitude: 118°59’00”
NTS map: 83D/15
Official name listed at BC Geographical Names

Earl Francis Woodley and his wife Edna (1899-1971) ran the Red Pass general store and hotel from 1923 until 1944. Earl’s father, about 70 years old in 1944, was bartender in the pub. One of the Woodley boys married a Hinkelman girl and lived in McBride.

References:

  • Personal correspondence.
  • Robson Valley Courier. Weekly newspaper published by Pyramid Press of Jasper from1969–88.
  • Yellowhead Pass and its people. Valemount, B.C.: Valemount Historic Society, 1984

Wishbone Arête

Feature type: mountain feature
Province: British Columbia
Location: South face of Mount Robson

This west arête is visible from the Robson viewpoint on Highway 16, the two branches of the wishbone joining some 450 metres below the summit.

William Olexiuk Continuing Care Ward

Feature type: building
Province: British Columbia
Location: McBride

The addition to the McBride and District Hospital, built in1988, was named after William Olexiuk (1918–1988), who was born at Vilna, Alberta, to Sam and Anne Olexiuk of the Ukraine. In 1934, Olexiuk started working in logging camps in Alberta. In 1940, he married Helen Semeluk of Vilna. In 1945, Bill and Helen moved to Valemont, where he worked in the logging and hauling businesses. He was a member of the McBride and District Hospital Board since its formation in 1954. Olexiuk served terms as president of the Valemount Red Cross and the Valemount Community Association. He was active in the Yellowhead Highway Association in the1950s.

References:

  • Robson Valley Courier. Weekly newspaper published by Pyramid Press of Jasper from1969–88.

Whiteshield Mountain

Feature type: Mountain
Province: British Columbia
Location: Alta-BC boundary, S of Mount Bess
Latitude: 53°18’00”
Longitude: 119°21’00”
NTS map: 83E/6
Official name listed at BC Geographical Names

Possibly named by the interprovincial boundary survey in 1923.

References:

  • Wheeler, Arthur O. and Cautley, R.W. Report of the Commission appointed to delimit the boundary between the Provinces of Alberta and British Columbia. Part III-A. Topographical surveys of the watershed. 1922, 1923, 1924. Ottawa: Office of the Surveyor General, 1924