Category Archives: Place Names

Erg Mountain Park

British Columbia. Provincial Park: Fraser River drainage
Cariboo Mountains, W of Crescent Spur
53°34’14” N 120°54’30” W — Map 093H10 — GoogleGeoHack
Name officially adopted in 2002
Official in Canada

This 1,011 hectare park protects interior cedar hemlock forests on a valley slope above the Upper Fraser Trench, leading to alpine/sub-alpine area at the top of Erg Mountain. Erg Mountain has historically been a hiking destination, and offers an excellent viewpoint of the Upper Fraser Valley and surrounding mountains. On a good day, Mount Sir Alexander in Kakwa Provincial Park is clearly visible. Extensive alpine ridge-top hiking outside of the park is accessible from the peak of Erg Mountain.


Ida, Mount

British Columbia. Mount
Peace and Smoky drainages
SW of Jarvis Lakes in Kawka Park
54°3’30” N 120°19’35” W — Map 093I01 — GoogleGeoHack
Earliest known reference to this name is 1875 (Hanington).
Name officially adopted in 1965
Official in Canada

Named by Canadian Pacific Railway surveyors Edward Worrell Jarvis [1846-1894] and Charles F. Hanington during their February 1875 crossing of Jarvis Pass in search of a route across Rockies.

Smoky Peak resembles Mount Ida. One rises in striking grandeur to guard the western side of the pare, while the other guards the east. They both present the came aspect, solitary, with their white summits in the clouds, glaciers covering their sides to the line of vegetation, and then the blue and green of the forest covering, they are indeed grand sights and worthy of an artist’s brush.

— Hannington, 1875

A few words in conclusion. Members of the Alpine Club of Canada seemed to have noticed this mountain [Mount Sir Alexander] during their summer camp of 1913 near Mt. Robson, for the accounts read that “many fine snow mountains appear, one of enormous size, some eighty miles away, which rivals Mt. Robson.” Apparently this is the mountain they refer to, for the distance they estimated is almost exactly correct. Later on in our trip I heard of trappers who spoke of an enormous mountain at the head of the north fork of the Fraser River. Apparently it was known to the Indians too, but the only other white man whom I have been able to find who has seen it at close range was a Mr. Jones (whose initials forget), whom I saw in Edmonton on my return. He had spent four years surveying for suitable pass for the Grand Trunk Ry., and about ten years ago first saw the mountain. When I asked his opinion as to its height, he said that as he was looking for low passes and not high mountains he did not measure it accurately, but he knew it was at least 12,000 feet, and that was the figure we found on his map. Previous to his trip a man named Jarvis had crossed from the Fraser waters to the Porcupine through this valley up which we had come, and to the knife-like mountain he had given the name of “Mount Ida.”

— Fay 1915

Mount Ida, too, was clearly visible, with a great stretch of ice and snow extending between it and its giant neighbor.

— Jobe 1916

The writer is unable to say who first saw this mountain. Mackenzie certainly did not. E. W. Jarvis, an intrepid explorer for the proposed Canadian Pacific Railroad, passed within ten miles of it in February 1875 when he discovered the pass which bears his name just north of Mt. Sir Alexander. But there are only one or two locations on his route from which the mountain can be seen, and as he made the trip in the dead of winter it is quite probable that the peak was wrapped in clouds, as it is a large part of the time, and that he had no knowledge of its presence. This conclusion is borne out by the fact that he described the next highest mountain in the region, a very conspicuous peak eight miles northeast of Mt. Sir Alexander, and named it, for reasons best known to himself, “Mt. Ida”. This name happily has not been changed.

— Vreeland 1930


  • Hanington, Charles F. Journal of Mr. C.F. Hanington from Quesnelle through the Rocky Mountains, during the winter of 1874-5. 1875. Internet Archive
  • Fay, Samuel Prescott [1884-1971]. “Mount Alexander.” Canadian Alpine Journal, Vol. 6 (1914–1915):121. Alpine Club of Canada
  • Jobe Akeley, Mary [1878-1966]. “Mt. Alexander Mackenzie.” Canadian Alpine Journal, Vol. 7 (1916):62–73. Alpine Club of Canada
  • Fay, Samuel Prescott [1884-1971]. “Note on Mount Alexander Mackenzie and Mount Ida.” Alpine Journal, Vol. 36 (1924):421
  • Vreeland, Frederick K. “Early Visits to Mount Sir Alexander.” American Alpine Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2 (1930). American Alpine Club

British Columbia. Mount: Peace River drainage
SW of Jarvis Lakes in Kawka Provincial Park
54°3’30” N 120°19’35” W — Map 093I01 — GoogleGeoHack
Name officially adopted in 1965
Official in Canada

Sunbeam Creek Ecological Reserve

British Columbia. Ecological Reserve: Fraser River drainage
Sunbeam Creek
53°19’59” N 120°11’12” W — Map 093H08 — GoogleGeoHack
Name officially adopted in 1965
Official in Canada

Ecological Reserves preserve representative and special natural ecosystems, plant and animal species, features and phenomena.


Also see:

Upper Raush Protected Area

British Columbia. Protected Area
Upper Raish River
52°57’44” N 119°59’35” W — Map 083D13 — GoogleGeoHack
Name officially adopted in 2018
Official in Canada

While the Upper Raush (5,582 ha) and Lower Raush (1,279 ha) are two distinctly separate protected areas, their adjacency and similarity warrant their being documented as one unit.

Created through the efforts of the Robson Valley Land and Resource Management Plan and the Protected Areas Strategy, these protected areas protect portions of an undeveloped, relatively pristine watershed. Located on the southwest side of the Fraser River, just south of McBride, these protected areas have no road access or facilities of any kind. As part of the Northern Columbia Mountains Ecosection, these protected areas contain four biogeoclimatic subzones. Dominating the valley floor is Sub-boreal Spruce (SBSdh) while slightly upslope a rare variant of Interior Cedar Hemlock (ICHmm) exists. Higher yet, one finds Engelmann Spruce-Subalpine Fir (ESSFmm1) melding into Alpine Tundra (AT).

There is no road access to either of these protected areas. There is an old road on the east side of the Raush River, on private land, and permission from the owner must be obtained. The Lower Raush protects excellent riparian wildlife habitat, while the Upper Raush protects a variety of biogeoclimatic subzones.


Rearguard Falls Park

The Rearguard Falls viewpoint provides an excellent opportunity for travelers to witness the end of a long journey by the Chinook, largest of the Pacific salmon. These fish have survived several years at sea to return to the river of their birth, the mighty Fraser. From its estuary in British Columbia’s lower mainland to this point, the Chinook have traveled upstream over 1200 km. Some may be successful battling over these falls to reach the gravel above, but for most, Rearguard Falls marks the end of their journey.


Terry Fox Creek

British Columbia. Creek: Fraser River drainage
Flows W. into Fraser River
52°58’33” N 119°19’6″ W — Map 083D14 — GoogleGeoHack
Name officially adopted in 1981
Official in BCCanada

Adopted 15 September 1981; BC Parks requires a name for this watercourse, for a boundary description.