Tag Archives: Military

Mount Lunn

Feature type: Mount
Province: British Columbia
Location: Near headwaters of Castle Creek
Latitude: 52°59’00”
Longitude: 120°27’00”
NTS map: 93A/16
Official name listed at BC Geographical Names
Google Maps

The name was adopted in 1966 to remember Royal Canadian Air Force Flight Lieutenant Gerald Alfred Lunn, J10875, from Quesnel; serving as air gunner with 429 Squadron when he was killed in action 17 April 1943, age 23. Buried in Septmonts Churchyard, Aisne, France.

References:

  • British Columbia Geographical Names. Government of BC. BCGN

Mount Kimmel

Name officially adopted in 1961
Feature type: Mount
Province: British Columbia
Location: Headwaters of Kimmel Creek
Latitude: 52°38’00”
Longitude: 119°25’00”
NTS map: 83D/11
Official name listed at BC Geographical Names
Also listed at Geographical Names in Canada
Google Maps
Richard, Gordon, and Clifford Kimmel

Richard, Gordon, and Clifford Kimmel

Albreda residents Richard (1914–44), Gordon (1916–44) and Clifford (1919-44) Kimmel were killed serving in the Canadian Army during World War II.

Their father Harry Kimmel (1886–1972) left Illinois to settle in Canada in 1917. His wife Sylvia (ca. 1886–1961) and four Illinois-born children joined him in Edmonton the next year. Hearing of work at Swift Creek, Harry went there in 1918 and worked at Kennedy’s sawmill. He moved the family into a tiny house the next year, where Clifford, the sixth of twelve children, was born. In 1922 the family moved to a homestead at Albreda, where Harry worked on the coal deck that fueled the steam locomotives. Sylvia Kimmel was described as “the spirit of the pioneer, the kingpin of her family and jack of all trades and indeed master of most of them.” In 1961, the year she died, Sylvia represented Canadian mothers at the Remembrance Day services at Ottawa.

Richard, Gordon, and Clifford had a brother Harry Leonard Kimmel of Grand Forks, British Columbia.

Canadian Army L Sergeant Richard Kenneth Kimmel, K92118, killed in action 18 June 1944 during the Normandy landings. Buried at Beny-sur-Mer Canadian War Cemetery, Calvados, France.

Canadian Army Rifleman Gordon Leroy Kimmel, K53748, killed in action 8 June 1944 during the Normany landiongs. Buried at Bretteville-Sur-Laize Canadian War Cemetery, Calvados, France.

Canadian Army Corporal Clifford Howard Kimmel, K92117, killed in action 5 December 1944 during the Battle of Moro. Buried at Ravenna War Cemetery, Italy.

References:

  • Canoe Mountain Echo. Weekly newspaper published at Valemount by Pyramid Press of Jasper. Last issue, June 1988..
  • Robson Valley Courier. Weekly newspaper published by Pyramid Press of Jasper from1969–88.
  • Yellowhead Pass and its people. Valemount, B.C.: Valemount Historic Society, 1984

Mount Halvorson

British Columbia. Mount
SW of Legrand, E of Milk River
53°15’00” N 120°35’00” W — Map 93H/7 — GoogleGeoHack
Official in BC

Named to remember Trooper Frank Halvorson, H45935, from McBride; serving with the 27th Armoured Regiment, Sherbrook Fusiliers, RCAC, when he was killed in action 29 October 1944. Halvorson is buried at Bergen-op-Zoom Canadian War Cemetery, Netherlands, grave 8, D, 7.

References:

Mount Goslin

Name officially adopted in 1965
Feature type: Mount
Province: British Columbia
Location: NW of Mount Chamberlin
Latitude: 53°03’00”
Longitude: 119°26’00”
NTS map: 83E/3
Official name listed at BC Geographical Names
Also listed at Geographical Names in Canada
Google Maps

Named to remember Canadian Army Private Earl William Goslin, M104002, from Tête Jaune Cache; serving with the Westminster Regiment, RCIC, when he was killed in action 16 December 1944; buried in the Villanova Canadian War Cemetery, Italy, grave V- A- 10.

Goslin was originally from the Cooking Lake area of Alberta. As of January 2001 he was survived by three sisters and a growing number of nieces and nephews and their progeny. He also may have had a daughter.

References:

  • Personal correspondence. Ron Thornton. Ron Thornton (grand-nephew), Edmonton, 2001
  • The Canadian Virtual War Memorial. CVWM. Private Earl William Goslin. CVWM
Also see:

McNaughton Lake

British Columbia. Lake: Columbia River drainage
Previously official name of Kinbasket Lake
52°08’00” N 118°27’00” W — Map 83D/1 — GoogleGeoHack
Name officially adopted in 1973. Unofficial in BCCanada
General Andrew George Latta McNaughton (1887–1966)

General Andrew George Latta McNaughton (1887–1966)

The former name for the man-made reservoir now called Kinbasket Lake recalls Andrew George Latta McNaughton (1887-1966), soldier and diplomat. McNaughton was born in Saskatchewan and joined the faculty of McGill University upon graduation. He had been a member of the Canadian Militia since 1909, and after the outbreak of war in 1914 he served overseas, was wounded twice, and became a brigadier-general in command of the Canadian Corps Heavy Artillery by the end of the war. He remained in military service until 1935, when he became president of the National Research Council. He returned to the army with the outbreak of World War II, and in 1942 became Commander of the First Canadian Army. After his retirement in 1944, he became Minister of Defense, and subsequently held many diplomatic posts. McNaughton was leader of those who advocated development of the Columbia River for hydro-power.

When the name McNaughton Lake was proclaimed by the British Columbia cabinet, a number of the residents of the East Kootenay area lobbied to change the name to Kinbasket Lake. After seven years of strenuous argument, the name was officially changed. The former name was widely dispersed and appears on maps and other documents.

References:

  • Wallace, W. Stewart. MacMillan Dictionary of Canadian biography. Toronto: MacMillan, 1978
  • British Columbia Geographical Names. McNaughton Lake
Also see:

McGregor River

British Columbia. River: Fraser River drainage
Flows W into Fraser River, N of Upper Fraser
54°10’46” N 122°02’01” W — Map 93J/1 — GoogleGeoHack
Name officially adopted in 1915. Official in BCCanada
Captain James Herrick McGregor

Captain James Herrick McGregor
CVWM

Includes to its source the South Branch of the North Fork of the Fraser River. Formerly also known as Big Salmon River.

Surveyor James Herrick McGregor (1869-1915) was born in Montreal and received his early education in the east. He came to western Canada in 1891 and obtained his commission as a Provincial Land Surveyor. He practiced his profession for a few years in the Kootenays and subsequently settled in Victoria. McGregor was involved in the 1891-98 triangulation and photo-topographic surveys of the southern Rocky Mountains in the vicinity of the Alberta-British Columbia boundary. He enlisted in World War I and was killed in the Battle of Ypres.

His obituary in the Victoria Colonist stated: “For the past 25 years Captain McGregor has been one of the best known Victorians. Throughout the Province, too, he was well known, as in past years he visited many sections of British Columbia in his business of a Provincial land surveyor. With his fellow officers of the 50th Gordon Highlanders, and also with the men under his command, he was esteemed for his many sterling qualities. The late Captain McGregor leaves a widow and four children.”

A quartet of streams: Captain Creek, James Creek, Herrick Creek, and McGregor River, all named in memory of Captain James Herrick McGregor, PLS.

References:

  • Corporation of Land Surveyors of the Province of British Columbia. Annual Reports. 1956
  • Andrews, Gerald Smedly. Professional land surveyors of British Columbia. Cumulative nominal roll. Victoria: Corporation of Land Surveyors of British Columbia, 1978
  • The Canadian Virtual War Memorial. CVWM. Captain James Herrick McGregor. CVWM
  • British Columbia Geographical Names. McGregor River

Kinney Lake

British Columbia. Lake: Fraser River drainage
Expansion of Robson River, S of Berg Lake
53°05’00” N 119°11’00” W — Map 83E/3 — GoogleGeoHack
Earliest known reference to this name is 1907.
Name officially adopted in 1912. Official in BCCanada
Camp among last bushes. 7000 feet. Lucius Coleman, Arthur Coleman, George Kinney. 1907

Camp among last bushes. 7000 feet. Lucius Coleman, Arthur Coleman, George Kinney. 1907
Coleman, The Canadian Rockies. New and Old trails. p. 327


Rafting Lake Kinney [George B. Kinney and Harry Blagden]. Photo: Byron Harmon, 1911

Rafting Lake Kinney [George B. Kinney and Harry Blagden]. Photo: Byron Harmon, 1911
Canadian Alpine Journal 1912

The earliest reference to this lake seems to be surveyor James McEvoy’s report of 1898, whene he stated that “there is said to be a lake on this stream [Robson River] about six miles up.”

The first reported visit to the lake occurred in 1907, when Arthur Philomen Coleman , his brother Lucius Coleman, Rev. George Kinney, and a cook attempted to climb Mount Robson. Coleman wrote, “Through the bush along the river our loads were an immense nuisance, but presently we reached the forks, and then had good going on the shore of a beautiful lake, which had been visited by Mr. Kinney the day before, and has been named Lake Kinney in honor of our indefatigable comrade.”

George Rex Boyer Kinney (1872-1961) became interested in climbing while serving as a minister of the Methodist Church in Banff and Field. He accompanied Coleman on his unsuccessful trips to Mount Robson in 1907 and 1908. Kinney returned alone in July 1909, met Donald Phillips near Jasper, and travelled with him through the Yellowhead Pass and the Moose River valley to Mount Robson. After being repelled several times by weather, they reached what Kinney reported to be the peak of Mount Robson. Phillips later stated that he and Kinney had not ascended a final 50-foot dome of snow, and official credit for climbing the highest peak in the Canadian Rockies goes to Conrad Kain, William Foster and Albert MacCarthy.

Kinney’s 1909 attempt on Mount Robson was the climax of his climbing career. During a short period of fame he was invited to lecture on his achievement before the Appalachian Club in Boston, the National Geographic Society in Washington, D.C., and the American Museum of Natural History in New York. After the 1913 Alpine Club of Canada camp at Mount Robson, during which Phillips made his recantation, Kinney faded from the Canadian alpine scene.

During World War I he served overseas as a stretcher bearer, and in his off-duty hours he toured the front lines lecturing on the Canadian Rockies. On leave in England, he lectured to the Royal Geographical Society in London and was made a fellow of the Society. After the war he continued his ministry, which for many years took him to isolated logging camps and fishing villages along the west coast of Vancouver Island. During this time he explored and climbed the Comox Glacier. Kinney was a pioneer in alpine photography. He died in Victoria.

References:

  • McEvoy, James [1862–1935]. Report on the geology and natural resources of the country traversed by the Yellowhead Pass route from Edmonton to Tête Jaune Cache comprising portions of Alberta and British Columbia. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada, 1900. Natural Resources Canada
  • Coleman, Arthur Philomen [1852–1939]. “Mount Robson, the Highest Point in the Canadian Rockies.” The Geographical Journal (London), Vol. 36, No. 1 (July 1910). p. 266. JSTOR
  • Kinney, George, and Phillips, Donald. “To the top of Mount Robson.” Canadian Alpine Journal, Vol. 2, No. 2 (1910):21-44. Alpine Club of Canada
  • Wheeler, Arthur Oliver [1860-1945 ]. “The mountains of the Yellowhead Pass.” Alpine Journal, Vol. 26, No.198 (1912):382
  • Wheeler, Arthur Oliver [1860-1945]. “A. L. Mumm — An Appreciation.” Canadian Alpine Journal, Vol. 16 (1926–1927):173. Alpine Club of Canada
  • Newell, George R. “To the top of Mt. Robson.” Pioneer Days in B.C., 3 (1977)
  • Judd, Carol M. and Ray, Arthur J. (editors). Old trails and new directions. Papers of the third North American fur trade conference. Toronto: University of Toronto, 1980
  • Swanson, James L. George Kinney and the first ascent of Mount Robson. Banff: 1999 Spiral Road. Spiral Road

Hugh Allan Creek

British Columbia. Creek: Columbia River drainage
Flows W into Canoe River
52°27’00” N 118°40’00” W — Map 83D/7 — GoogleGeoHack
Name officially adopted in 1974. Official in BCCanada

The surveyor Hugh Drummond Allan (1887–1917) was born in Scotland and came to Canada around 1907. He became a British Columbia land surveyor in 1912. His professional work was carried on mainly in the Kamloops district and the North Thompson valley. In 1913 he surveyed in the Canoe River area. “From Mile 49 on the Grand Trunk Pacific I proceeded with my party by wagon and reached the Canoe River in one day,” he reported.

After the start of World War I he returned to Scotland and enlisted in the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. He was wounded in 1916, and in 1917 he was killed leading his company at Croiselles, France. Captain Allan was shortly predeceased by his wife and infant child.

BC Archives has the following items related to Hugh Drummond Allan:

photograph, ca. 1890
photograph of Captain Hugh Drummond Allan, ca. 1914
probate record, 1918

Note that there is another Canadian figure named Hugh Allan.

References:

  • Allan, Hugh D. “Canoe River Valley.” Report of the Minister of Lands, (1914)
  • Corporation of Land Surveyors of the Province of British Columbia. Annual Reports. 1956
  • Andrews, Gerald Smedly 1903-. Métis outpost. Memoirs of the first schoolmaster at the Métis settlement of Kelly Lake, B.C. 1923-1925.. Victoria: G.S. Andrews, 1985

Hargreaves Glacier

Name officially adopted in 1982
Feature type: Glacier
Province: British Columbia
Location: Other name for Tumbling Glacier
Latitude: 53°10’06”
Longitude: 119°12’24”
NTS map: 83E/3
Official name listed at BC Geographical Names
Also listed at Geographical Names in Canada
Google Maps
The Hargreaves Brothers: Frank, Roy, George, (unknown), Jack, (unknown), 1922-1930, Mount Robson. Credit: Ishbel Cochrane.

The Hargreaves Brothers: Frank, Roy, George, (unknown), Jack, (unknown), 1922-1930, Mount Robson. Credit: Ishbel Cochrane.
Valemount & Area Museum

Roy Frederick Hargreaves (1891–1971) founded Mount Robson Ranch and built the Berg Lake Chalet. He and brothers Frank (1885–1940), Jack (1895–1971), George (1883–1936) and Dick (1908–1987) homesteaded at Mount Robson after World War I. For many years, they were well-known guides and outfitters in the Mount Robson area.

Parents Edward (1846–1939) and Matilda (1852–1904) moved to Oregon from England in 1881, but soon immigrated to Canada “to live under the British flag.” After Matilda died, the family was frequently on the move. George and Roy were the first to leave home, and in 1905 they helped cut a trail from Golden to Tête Jaune Cache. Jack came to Jasper in the winter of 1913–14 to play hockey. The next summer he started working for the Otto Brothers outfitters, and in the winter of 1917, accompanied Curly Phillips and Mary Jobe on their trip to the Wapiti and Mount Sir Alexander area. Roy, Frank and Jack served in the Canadian Army in the First World War. Roy survived the first gas attack on Canadian forces, but he spent many months in a British hospital. Edward and Matilda’s daughter Myrtle married and stayed in Jasper, and daughter Ethel married and moved to Iowa.

In 1921, Jack and Frank filed on homesteads near Mount Robson. With an eye towards the tourist business, they erected several log buildings and a small store. They were soon joined by George and later by Roy. The four brothers began to outfit and guide hunting parties, using about 70 head of horses and concentrating on the Berg Lake area. Although they carried on business under the name of Hargreaves Brothers, each maintained his own separate part of the pack string and his share of the equipment. In 1922, Jack married Jasper teacher Gladys Guild (1897–1985). The following year he moved back to Jasper, where he operated a guiding and outfitting business, having up to 85 horses on the trail at one time. Both he and Hargreaves Brothers operated separately for many years.

In 1923, Roy married Sophie Maclean (1892-1991), a school teacher from Cape Breton working in Jasper. That same year, Edward pre-empted a homestead at Mount Robson, a couple of miles from the ranch. In 1924, George, Frank and Jack rebuilt Curly Phillips’s trail to Kinney Lake. In 1926, George filed on land close to Jackman Flats. Frank later took an adjoining homestead, and they all kept guiding and outfitting. Dick married Alice Couture, and after a short stay at Jackman, they moved to Jasper where was a carpenter for the park and the railway. George died on the trail.

The “CN Cabins” which the brothers built near Robson Pass in 1921 were operated by the Hargreaves for several years, until Roy obtained a lease on five acres of land on Berg Lake. In 1927, he built the Berg Lake Chalet, a tourist facility which provided meals and accommodation for over 50 years. Chuck Chesser, who had been working for Roy since about 1926, became a partner in 1931, the same year that he married Sophie’s sister Anne Maclean. “Chesser and Hargreaves, Guides and Outfitters” lasted until the late 1940s, when Chesser went to work for the Canadian National Railway. Roy raised beaver, farmed fox for several years, tried mink for one year, and couldn’t get marten to breed. During the war he got rid of the foxes and ran a sawmill at Tête Jaune Cache with Harry Partridge.

Frank was murdered at his cabin at Jackman in 1940. In 1951, Arthur Cunningham admitted to murdering a man at Endako, and before he was hanged, also claimed to have shot Frank Hargreaves.

In 1959, Roy sold the ranch to Alice Wright, who named it the Mount Robson Ranch. Roy and Sophie moved to Ladysmith, returning to visit Mount Robson several times a year. Sophie made regular trips to Berg Lake until 1976, when she was 84. In 1977, when the Berg Lake Chalet was closed, she made her last trip, by helicopter. In 1988, she was living at a senior citizens’ lodge in Salmon Arm. The operation of Mount Robson Ranch was taken over by Roy and Sophie’s daughter Ishbel and her husband Murray Cochrane.

References:

  • Personal correspondence.
  • Hart, Edward John [1946-]. Diamond hitch: the early outfitters and guides of Banff and Jasper. Banff: Summerthought, 1979
  • Yellowhead Pass and its people. Valemount, B.C.: Valemount Historic Society, 1984
  • Cochrane, Ishbel. Cochrane and Hargreaves. Valemount & Area Museum

Dennison Pit

Feature type: pit
Province: British Columbia
Location: S of Highway 16 on Shale Hill
Latitude: 53.0299 N
Longitude: 119.2116 W
Google Maps

British-born George M. and Florence E. Dennison ran stopping places for teamsters hauling freight for the construction of the Grand Trunk and Canadian Northern Pacific railways. They settled in the Mount Robson area around 1910, and were granted a homestead in 1913. With his nephew Harold Britton, George ran a guide and outfitting business until the 1940s. He occasionally worked for guide Jack Brewster out of Jasper.

George Dennison had been a major in the British calvary during the Boer War, and was presented to King George VI and Queen Elizabeth during the royal stop at Mount Robson in 1939. George died in the mid-1940s when he was hit by a train while on guard duty at the Japanese internment camp. He is buried at Mount Robson. Florence died at the coast in the late 1940s.

The original automobile road from Tête Jaune Cache to Jasper followed the old railway tote road as far as Moose Lake, and then followed the abandoned Canadian Northern Railway grade to Jasper. According to Tom Carr, “There were two hills between Mount Robson and the Pass that took some doing to get up in any kind of adverse weather, because of the steep grade, crooked road, and dirt base. The first hill was directly in front of Dennison’s property. Because of the trouble it caused travelers by car, it warranted a name other than *&!%$!@. More politely it became known as Dennison Hill.” When the Yellowhead Highway was being built a gravel pit was opened on the top of Dennison hill.

References:

  • Wheeler, Marilyn. The Robson Valley Story. McBride, B.C.: Robson Valley Story Group, 1979
  • Yellowhead Pass and its people. Valemount, B.C.: Valemount Historic Society, 1984